Welcome to www.longfordatwar.ie. This site was developed as part of Longford’s commemoration of the centenary of the First World War. It also aims to remember all of those from the county who served in past conflicts, including the Easter Rising of 1916.
The database which can be accessed from the site includes details of the Longford people who died in World War I either in combat or from injuries. Included are those who were born in the county and those from elsewhere who lived in it at the time of their enlistment.
We also wish to record information on those from Longford, either natives or residents, who served in World War I or in various other conflicts. In that regard, we are appealing for help from anyone who has information to submit it. Our aim is to identify as many men and women as possible so that they will be remembered.
Soldiers Who Died 100 Years Ago This Month
Richard was born on 25 May 1893 in Grafton, New South Wales, Australia and emigrated to Canada, c.1913. He was a drug clerk in a pharmacy prior to enlisting at Valcartier in September 1914.
Robert was initially attached to the 9th Mississanga Horse, and this unit departed Quebec on the S.S. Cassandra for the front on 3 October 1914. Mangan was a capable soldier, having been raised initially as a Lance Corporal in 1915, to full Corporal in August 1916*, as a Lance-Serjeant in November 1916, rising to Serjeant on the 3 March 1917; just prior to his death Robert was raised as a temporary Lieutenant on the 13 March 1917. He suffered a gunshot wound to the right knee whilst serving near Camiers, France, on 5 September 1916, and was treated in the No. 4 General Hospital there, but returned to his unit later that month. Lt Mangan was remembered in a memorial tablet originally located in St. Anne's Church of Ireland, Kilglass, now in St. John's in Edgeworthstown.
John Ingram Mullanniffe
John, born in Milverton, Warwickshire, and was christened John Tugrain Ingram Mullaniffe O'Beirne in Monks-Kirby in May 1893. He was the younger son of Major Arthur O'Beirne of the Royal Warwickshire Regiment, who owned land at Augharea. Further detail on his service may be found in De Ruvigny's Roll of Honour:
Lieut., 3rd (Reserve) Battn. The Royal Warwickshire Regt., yr. s. of Major Arthur Mullanniffe O'Beirne, Royal Warwickshire Regt., of Astrop Grange, near Banbury; and Augharea, co. Longford, Recruiting Officer at Budbrooke Barracks, Warwick, by his wife Gertrude, dau. of James C. Harter; and brother to Lieut. A.J.L O'Beirne (q.v.); b. Leamington, co. Warwick 24 April 1893; educ. Summerfields, Oxford; Radley College and the School of Mining, Camborne, co. Cornwall; obtained a commission in the Reserve Battn. of the Royal Warwickshire Regiment 25 Aug. 1914; underwent training at Lyndhurst; served with the Expeditionary Force in France and Flanders, being attached to the 2nd Battn.; took part in the First Battle of Ypres; was invalided home in Nov., suffering from poisoning, contracted through drinking polluted water; on his recovery entered the Royal Military College, Sandhurst; was again gazzetted to the Royal Warwickshire Regt. 19 Oct. 1915; transferred to the Royal Flying Corps in Feb. 1916; returned to France in May 1916 as an Observer; was sent to England on sick leave in Aug. 1916, but returned to France in Dec., and was killed 3 April 1917 while with the 25th Squadron on a photographic expedition over Vimy Ridge. A brother officer wrote: "As an observer he was in my opinion second to none, and I would have gone anywhere with him. He was the finest fellow I have ever known, and I wish we had more like him. He was always one of the most cheerful in the squadron, and we all feel his loss fearfully. I don't think there was anyone more popular than he was."
John's brother, Lt Arthur James
Bernard was born c.1888 and his birth place is given as Listowel, Co. Kerry*. He married Kate Gavan, the daughter of Brien, a tin-smith, on the 25 September 1909 in Carlow** They had two daughters, Margaret (Maggie) and Mary and a son, Patrick, although only the girls are noted on the Register of Soldier's effects. At the time of Bernard's death, Kate was living in Barrack Street, Granard; Bernard had worked as a chimney sweep there in 1913 at the time of the birth of his daughter Maggie.
Pte Gibney reenlisted for war service in Armagh in August 1916.
William Marcus Noel
William (aka Noel) was born in Kilglass on the 1 January 1890, the younger son of Rev. William Pollard and his wife Annie. By the time of the 1911 Census, William was an undergraduate at St. John's College, Cambridge, where he had a reputation as an able sportsman.
2nd Lt Pollard died as a result of wounds received in a joint action with the 2/6th North Staffs. Regiment on the old German line near Fervaque Farm, as a result of heavy shelling by the Germans.
Joseph was born in Newtownforbes on 25 December 1885.
Pte Christy enlisted in Longford and entered the war in December 1915. He was one of 150 men of non-commissioned ranks to have been killed or injured during an operation at Bois-en-Hache between the 11 and 14 April 1917, which was part of the Battle of Vimy Ridge, an action under the broader Battle of Arras. The weather conditions were exceptionally difficult, with heavy snow falling overnight and shell holes then filling with water at the commencement of battle.
Thomas was born Thomas Rorke, on the 21 February 1893 in Edgeworthstown. He was the eldest son of Cornelius Rourke and his wife Rose; Cornelius had passed away by 1901 and his mother remarried Michael Gallagher.
Pte O'Rouke enlisted in Longford and entered the war in July 1915 at Gallipoli. He wrote a poem based on his experiences, The Landing of the 10th Division At The Dardanelles, which was featured in the Longford Leader 23 October 1915. O'Rourke was one of 150 men of non-commissioned ranks to have been killed or injured during an operation at Bois-en-Hache between the 11 and 14 April 1917, which was part of the Battle of Vimy Ridge, an action under the broader Battle of Arras. The weather conditions were exceptionally difficult, with heavy snow falling overnight and shell holes then filling with water at the commencement of battle.
Ernest Edgar Daniel
Edgar was born 18 August 1883 in Longford; he was a son of William John Grady who was serving as a Quartermaster Serjeant in the 6th Rifle Brigade at the time. By 1885, however, the family were living in England and were in Woolwich at the time of the 1891 Census and had settled in Aldershot by 1901, where William was working as a financial clerk. Edgar went to school in Bloomfield Road School, Greenwich. In 1901 Edgar was working as a printer manager's clerk. He remained in the print industry and by 1911 he was working as a printing works manager. By 1911, Grady had moved to South Africa, as he is recorded as having been intitiated into the Freemasons Metropolitan Lodge in Cape Town. During his time in South Africa, Edgar also served in the Cape Town Highlanders.
Prior to the Great War Grady served with Cape Colony Defence Force. Intitially he would have fought against Germany in German South West Africa and later in Egypt. During WW1 Captain Grady served with the South African 4th Infantry, which comprised South African Scottish raised from the Transvaal Scottish and Cape Town Highlanders. Captain Grady embarked for the Great War in France on the S.S. Balmoral Castle in May 1915; he was wounded twice, and had served at the Battle of Delville Wood; sadly he was killed in action during the First Battle of the Scarpe, part of the Battle of Arras, during the disastrous attack of the 9th (Scottish) Division on the German positions in east of Fampoux, during which his regiment lost 6 officers and 200 men. Grady was mentioned in dispatches in December 1917.
William was born William Charles Stewart Parnell Tynan, in Sharvogue, Kilashee, Co. Longford, on the 16 September 1885 but spent much of his youth in Co. Meath and Dublin. He was the son of Joseph Tynan, a medical doctor. William is listed as being a railway engine fireman in 1911. William married Mary Moore of 14 Auburn Street, Dublin on the 3 February 1913. They later moved to in Portsmouth, where William enlisted.
He was one of 150 men of non-commissioned ranks to have been killed or injured during an operation at Bois-en-Hache between the 11 and 14 April 1917. The weather conditions were exceptionally difficult, with heavy snow falling overnight and shell holes then filling with water at the commencement of battle.
James enlisted in Longford and entered the war in Gallipoli in July 1915, and served at Salonika in Greece. He died on the SS Arcadian disaster, when the troopship left Thessaloniki with 1335 troops from Salonika on board, bound for Alexandria in Egypt and onwards to France. The ship was torpedoed near the island of Milos by German submarine SM UC-74 killing 279 people on board, including James and another member of his regiment, Samuel Percy from Cloughjordan.
Laurence (Lawrence) a.k.a. Leo
Laurence Davis, a.k.a. Leo Davies, was born in Lisnanarria, Cloontuskert, Co. Roscommon on the 16 April 1888. He married Teresa Clyne from Barnacor, Co. Longford on the 28 November 1908 in Lanesborough, and by 1911 they had three children: twins, Martin J. and Elizabeth M. and Teresa F. Their son Edmond was born in December that year. Sadly, his wife Teresa passed away in 1912* and their son Martin died in infancy. By the time the Great War broke out, Laurence was living in Staffordshire, where he was working as a fireman, likely in the potteries.
Gunner Davis's army record survives, under the name Leo Davies. He enlisted with the R.G.A. in October 1915 at Dover, and was posted to France in January 1917.
James was born in Drumanure, Co. Longford in 15 July 1891; his family later moved to St. Michael's Road. It appears that by 1911 the family had left for Durham, England.
Rafferty enlisted with the Royal Navy in March 1911, and trained at the HMS Victory II, the Royal Navy's training depot (likely in Portsmouth, but it was based at Crystal Palace/Sydenham during WW1). During his time with the Navy, James served on a number of ships and naval bases, including the Renown, Topage, Duke of Edinburgh, Europa, Hampshire, Tamar (Welland - a shore station), Blenheim (Welland), Pembroke II,
At the time of his death Stoker Rafferty was serving on the HMS Broke, with the HMS Attentive II as his home base. The Broke was part of the Dover patrol, when it took part in the Battle of Dover Strait in April 1917, during which it was severely damaged after ramming German ship SMS G42 and close quarter fighting took place between the German and British crews. Rafferty was one of 21 crewmen of the Broke that died in that action.
George was born c.1886 in Clondra, and was the son of a tailor. By the age of 15 he was working as a 'rural postman' according to the 1901 census. George appears to have entered the army prior to the Great War, and according to his brother John's attestment, George was serving in Tower Hill, Sierra Leone c.1914.
William was born 28 October 1875 in Park Place, Carrickedmond, Co. Longford, where William's father worked as a gardener. The family then moved to Belfast, where he worked as a plumber gas-fitter, and later a tinsmith. He married Martha Young in Belfast in December 1900. They had three children: William, James and Lucinda.
Spr McBurney enlisted in December 1914 and went to the front in France in July 1916, where he remained for six months, before being transferred to Newark. During his time in France, at Armentiers, he reportedly became ill, and at one point began bleeding profusely when lifting a pontoon. He was returned to hospital in England by January 1917, but sadly passed away Chronic Nephritis, which is a kidney disease.*
William's brother John, also died in WW1.