Welcome to www.longfordatwar.ie. This site was developed as part of Longford’s commemoration of the centenary of the First World War. It also aims to remember all of those from the county who served in past conflicts, including the Easter Rising of 1916.
The database which can be accessed from the site includes details of the Longford people who died in World War I either in combat or from injuries. Included are those who were born in the county and those from elsewhere who lived in it at the time of their enlistment.
We also wish to record information on those from Longford, either natives or residents, who served in World War I or in various other conflicts. In that regard, we are appealing for help from anyone who has information to submit it. Our aim is to identify as many men and women as possible so that they will be remembered.
Soldiers Who Died 100 Years Ago This Month
Francis was born in Sligo and was the son of Francis Mulligan, a soldier. Thomas married Mary Gaffney (née Gibbons) on the 14 July 1915 in Drogheda.
Pte Mulligan lived in Ballymahon before enlisting with the army in Mullingar, Co. Westmeath. Francis served with the 1st Garrison Battalion who were formed in Dublin in August 1915, before transferring to Mudros on the Greek island of Lemnos in September that year, from which working parties were sent into Suvla Bay at Gallipoli, during October 1915. After the withdrawal from Gallipoli, the battalion was sent to Egypt, where it landed on 5 February 1916 and then remained throughout the war.
Francis died in hospital in Egypt, although no further details on his death are currently available.
George was born c.1874 in Caherconlish, Co. Limerick. In 1901 he was working as a groom for the Boyd-Rochfort family in Kilhugh, Co. Westmeath. He was working as a coachman in Co. Longford by 1911
Pte Scott had a long military career, first enlisting in the 1890s. He renlisted in Longford. He was originally in the Leinster Regiment, but later transferred the Royal Irish Regiment. During his time in the army he served in the Balkan Theatre and in Egypt.
On 9 of October 1899 he married Mary Jane McPartland of 9 Marine Park Avenue, Fairview, Dublin in St. Bartholomew's, Ballsbridge; his father's occupation was 'soldier'. Interestingly, she was born in India, so was likely from a military family. They had at 5 children: Edmund, Edith, Maud, Alfred and Eileen. The elder children were born in Birr, Maud and Alfred were born in Killoe, and Eileen was born in Burke's Yard. In his Will, dated 29 October 1915, his property and effects were received by (daughter) Maud Leslie Scott, Burke's Yard, Longford.
John Joseph Cosgrove was born 20 June 1896 in Granard; his father was a shopkeeper and had been appointed Town Clerk by the time of the 1911 Census.
Private Cosgrove served with the Southern Irish Horse (no. 2133), likely sometime after December 1915. He was then transferred to the 7th Royal Irish Regiment, which was formed from the dismounted 1st and 2nd Battalions of the South Irish Horse on 1 September 1917; they joined the 49th Brigade, 16th (Irish) Division in October 1917 and fought in the Third Battle of Ypres.
John was injured in battle likely died very shortly after, as he is noted as having died of wounds in some sources, and having been killed in action in others. For the entirety of December 1917, the battalion were in the field, near Villers-Foucourt; there was no notice of any fatalities in the days surrounding the 20 December, but one soldier was noted to have been wounded by heavy shelling on the 16 December. The battalion marched to Tincourt on the 18 December - it should be noted that Tincourt was an important field medical centre at this time, hosting a number of casualty clearing stations and field hospitals.
Gordon was born in in Corboy on 9 March 1885, the son of Wilton Vaugh who was the Under Sheriff for Co. Leitrim.
Pte Vaugh spent a short time in the British Army in 1904, but emigrated to the US in December of that year. He became a naturalised US citizen in 1906.
Vaugh later joined the U.S. forces. He was deployed to France at the end of July 1917, one of the earliest US troops to go into the field after their declaration of war against Germany, but had passed away in December 1917.
Gordon's brother, Francis (Frank), also enlisted in the British Army, serving in the South Irish Horse.